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History

Zeewijk was a ship (spiegel retourschip) built for the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in the first half of the 18th century. On her maiden voyage to Batavia she met with disaster before the coast of Western Australia.

The captain of Zeewijk was Jan Steyns. Steyns made the decision after the ship passed the Cape of Good Hope to try and steer ENE in order to call at Eendracht land in Western Australia. This decision went against strict sailing orders of the VOC and the advice of the officers under him. The VOC orders against this course of action were meant to warn captains away from the dangerous reefs and sandbanks off the Western Australian coast. His decision proved to be a fatal one, as Zeewijk struck a reef at full force on June 9, 1727.

The surviving crew members stranded. The survivors managed to launch a longboat, and 96 (out of the original roughly 200) reached nearby Gun Island. While the ship did not break up immediately, and thus rested on the reef for a time, the crew knew she had sustained too much damage to be salvaged.

Eleven crew members set off in the longboat in search of rescue, but were never heard from again. The survivors salvaged materials from Zeewijk and created a small ship, Sloepie, and sailed to Batavia along with the salvaged cargo. 82 of the original crew members were on board Sloepie when she arrived in Batavia after a month at sea. Steyns was immediately summoned before the High Court of Justice in Batavia and was blamed for the wreckage. He was also accused of trying to deceive the Governor General and High Council of the Dutch East Indies with altered journals in an attempt to cover up his role in the wreckage. He was put under arrest and sued, his property and cash were confiscated. He was deprived of office and salary, declared forever unable to serve the VO and banned for his lifetime from all the territories under VOC jurisdiction.

Archaeological description

Items from the wreck have been recovered consistently since the HMS Beagle recovered items from the stranded crew in 1840. The main underwater wreck site was found by Hugh Edwards in 1968, and the Western Australian Museum has conducted several expeditions to survey the site and recover artifacts. Between 1974 and 1977 the Western Australian Maritime Museum (WAMM) conducted land and underwater surveys and excavations. The most notable in 1976 by Catharina Ingleman-Sundberg, who also completed a catalogue of all the finds from the site.

Zeewijk

Example of artefact record Zeewijk (source: WA Maritme Museum shipwreck database).

Zeewijk on an early VOC Chart

The wreck site of the Zeewijk is mentioned on a VOC chart made in 1730.

Zeewijk

VOC vellum chart.

Description

The Zeewijk was a spiegel retourschip built in 1725 at Rammekens shipyard. It was owned by Dutch East India Company (VOC) Zeeland Chamber.

  • Draft: 5.53 m
  • Armament: 36 iron and bronze guns, six small breech-loading swivel guns

(source: WA Maritime Museum).

Map of Australia (source: atlasofmutualheritage.nl).

MasterJan Steyns
Length145 feet (44 m)
Tonnage850 ton (425 last)

Status

Zeewijk

Location Houtman Abrolhos.

Wreckage is scattered over the inside and outside of Half Moon Reef. And a lot of the finds on land due to transferring goods from the wreck site to Gun Island. The complete cargo of the ship made it back to Batavia, leaving none of it on the wreck site itself. The site is federally protected through a contract with the Commonwealth (1972). The owner of the collection is the Western Australian Maritime Museum (WAMM).

(source: WA Maritime Museum).

References

Down on 01 October

Burgzand Noord

Dutch Presence in Cuban Waters

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World War II