The White House is perhaps the most iconic building on Salt Cay. Its construction started in 1825 and went on for 10 years. It was built by Daniel Harriott from Bermuda, who founded the Harriott salt production and export business in 1829. The two-storey building, constructed of Bermuda limestone, features a typical Bermuda kitchen on the seaside and a limestone Bermuda roof. Its ground floor and basement was originally used to store salt, while the first floor served as living quarters. The roof got badly damaged during hurricane Irma in 2017, but restorations are underway.
Situated on a narrow strip of land between the sea and the salt pans, the White House was in an ideal location for the production and export of salt. Bermudians had been raking salt on the island for many years already, and this tradition continued into the nineteenth century.
The White House was built as the center of a compound of buildings that included a warehouse, offices, home, stables, a mill, cistern, farm and garden. Associated marine structures include a dock and repair facilities for the vessels engaged in the salt trade.