Rooswijk was built in 1737 by the VOC chamber of Amsterdam, and made one successful voyage to the Dutch holdings in Asia and back to the Netherlands, and wrecked on her second outbound voyage to the Dutch East Indies on 9 January 1740, one day after departing from Texel in the Netherlands. Rooswijk was carrying a cargo of specie intended for trade in Asia, and ran aground during a storm on the Goodwin Sands, a sandbar off the coast of England, and sank with her entire crew.
The loss of Rooswijk was reported in contemporary newspapers. On January 8th, the Sherborne Mercury/Weekly Advertiser stated: "Yesterday came advice, that a Dutch ship bound for Batavia, was lost on the Goodwin Sands, with all the Ship's Crew, being upwards of two hundred Men."
Hendrik Hop, VOC agent in England, wrote on 12th January about hearing canonfire in the night: "seer vreesde voor groote ongelukken op het Goodwin Sand. Dat men des anderen daags enige stukken hout op het water had sien swemmen. En onder anderen een kist had opgenomen, behelsende verscheidenen brieven. Waardoor het blijkt dat een uytgaand Hollands Oostindisch schip, genaamt de Croeswijk, captijn Daniel Rosiere aldaar is vergaan. En volgens de geheele equipagie verdronken.’
- VOC Chamber: Amsterdam
- Tonnage: 850
- Length: 145 ft
- Captain on final voyage: Daniel Ronzieres
- Complement: 250-265
Cargo from the Rooswijk
Part of the cargo of Rooswijk consisted of thirty boxes of silver bars and Mexican coins with a value of 300,082 guilders. Part of the recovered cargo has been handed over to Dutch authorities, while another part has been sold for commercial purposes.
Several hundred Mexican silver cobs from the 1720s and early 1730s, as well as transitional "klippes"from 1733-1734, as well as many more hundreds of "pillar dollars"and a few cobs from other mints have entered the market from this wreck site, mostly through auctions.
The depicted coins are Mexican mint, Klippes Recortados dated to 1733, openly on sale for USD 1250 on the internet.
For more 3d models of finds of the Rooswijk, check out our Sketchfab page: Maritime Heritage
The wreck site of Rooswijk was first located in 2004 by amateur divers, and part of the cargo recovered in 2005 by the professional salvage diver Rex Cowen.
An assessment in 2006 showed that the wreck site consists of two main areas of wreckage, and that the site has a combination of many different high quality surviving features. In the stern area, a number of timber structural elements of the hull and interior framework were recorded, with most being in remarkably good condition. A number of large concretions and groups of iron bars were also identified, and in many cases these features were recorded as located on areas of timber. The quantity and condition of materials recovered from the wreck of Rooswijk indicate that large sections of the wreck are buried and preserved to a high degree.
From 18 June until 15 August 2018, a team of maritime archaeologists will continue the research and excavation of the Rooswijk. In 2017, the #Rooswijk1740 project was started by the Cultural Heritage Agency of the Netherlands, commissioned by the Minister of Education, Culture and Science. Archaeological research, but also historical and genealogical research, has provided us with more new information about what happened in January 1740 with the ship that was lost off the coast of England.
The Rooswijk story can now also be seen online in a virtual exhibition (in Dutch), based on what we now know after the first year of research: http://rooswijk.huygens.knaw.nl/
- Dossier Rooswijk 1740 on Maritime Heritage platform.
- Educational Virtual Dive Tour.
- Virtual exhibition Rooswijk.
- Finds in 3D on Sketchfab.
- Vlogs #Rooswijk1740.
- Infographic VOC-schip ‘De Rooswijk’ boven water (Dutch).
Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed.
- Gegevens VOC-schip Rooswijk.
- Hoop, R.W. de/N. Schoute (2020).
Excavation of the Rooswijk (1740).
Submerged Heritage 9.
- IISH | International Institute of Social History.