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Middelburg was on her way back to Patria from the East Indies in a convoy with two other ships, Gouda and Hollandia, carrying a cargo of mostly pepper and other spices. 1500 km east of Madagascar, the convoy was struck by a very fierce storm. After the storm had abated, Middelburg was mast-less, Hollandia had lost her main mast, and Gouda was lost all together, with only a cloud of pepper on the surface of the water to mark where she had been.

Middelburg and Hollandia sailed to Madagascar for repairs, where Middelbur gspent more than six months. There is a record left in Madagascar by the crew in the form of a post stone, which were messages left carved into stones by VOC crews, often recording the date of arrival, departure, and name of a ship, and sometimes indicating the hiding place of a letter. The post stone left by the crew of Middelburg indicates her arrival date, departure date, her captain, and the fact that she was mast-less when she arrived.

The last record of Middelburg comes from a letter left under another post stone at the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa. The letter was written by the crew and details the storm and the months of repair undertaken in Madagascar. The letter states that the crew intends to head for St. Helena on their way home to Patria, but only Hollandia made it home. The captain of Hollandia, Willem Bontekoe, once home, theorized that Middelburg and her crew had fallen victim to a pair of Portuguese pirates anchored at St. Helena, but unfortunately, no hard evidence of the fate of the ship, or her final resting place, is known today.

A VOC post stone in Madagascar.


Type : Dutch East Indiaman

Built: 1619, wharf in Middelburg
Chamber: Zeeland
Tonnage: 700 ton, 350 last

Captain on final voyage: Jan Willemse Dyck (Although some sources list Willem Cornelisz Schouten as Middelburg's captain, a primary source, namely the cargo list from her final voyage, written and signed in Batavia, lists her captain as Dyck).


References online

References in writing

  • Miller, Russell, 1981. De Oostindievaarders. Amsterdam: Time-Life Boeken, 1981. - 176 p., [nl] - ISBN90-6182-461-3.
  • NA-, [s.a]. Lijst van alle zoodanige Schepen in soorten als bij de Generale Oostindische Compagnie zijn gemaekt oft gekocht als gehuurt alsmede waer oft de zelfde zijn agter gebleven ofte verongelukt als genoomen en verbrand, vermist of afgelegt.- [s.a]. - 228 folio's, [nl] - Nationaal Archief, 551. Aanwinsten eerste afd. 1891, 19E.
  • RGP-GS166, 1979. Dutch-Asiatic Shipping in the 17th and 18th centuries, Volume II, Outward-bound voyages from the Netherlands to Asia and the Cape (1595-1794). - Den Haag: Martinus Nijhoff,1979. - 765 p., [en] - ISBN 90-247-2270-5.
  • RGP-GS167, 1979. Dutch-Asiatic Shipping in the 17th and 18th centuries, Volume III, Homeward-bound voyages from Asia and the Cape to the Netherlands (1597-1795). - Den Haag: Martinus Nijhoff, 1979. - 626 p., [en] - ISBN 90-247-228.


  • DAS Number: 5170.2

East Indiaman

Roman structures