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stepping stones of maritime history

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The ship is being built of Aleppo (Syrian) pine. Shell first methode. The planks were fastend with mortis and tenons. After the shell came the ribs fastened with copper nails. Fifty frames survived set at an average of 10-15 cm from edge to edge. The frames were fastened with treenails driven through pre drilled holes in the shell and through nailed with copper nails which were then clenched over the upper surface of the frame. The hull was lead sheathed.The technique of nailing through treenails was widely used in ancient craft in the Mediterranean.


The wreck is being excaveted in 3 seizons from 1967-69. Michael Katzev of the University Museum of Pennsylvania directed a team to survey the coast of Cyprus for shipwrecks in 1967 and excavated. The ship sank on her port side down. The starboard side broke away and is now lost. The mast step survived. Archaeologists found spear points in the hull.

A replica of the Kyrenia.


The ship was already ca. 80 years when she sank. C14 tees from planking give a date 389 +/- 44. The almonds of the cargo give a date for the cargo and therefor for the fate ofsinking of 288 +/- 62.


Domestic utensils were found, indicating a crew of four.


Consist of wine amphorae (400) from Chios. Many of theamphorae were coated on the inside with resin to seal the porosity of the vessels in order to be suitable for wine carrying.Almonds in jars millstones from the island of Kos acting also as ballast.

The frames of the Kyrenia shipwreck.


Greek merchant sailing vessel. Built ca. 300 B.C. The best preserved ancient Greek shipwreck at present. She sank just outside the Cypriotic coast at full sea near Kyrene.

The sinking of the Kyrenia could have been caused by many factors, but evidence suggests that piracy and old age could have all contributed to the ships fate.

Length: 47 feet
Width: 14.5 feet.
Carvel built.

In 1985, Greek professors completed a full-size replica of the ship, known as Kyrenia II. Kyrenia II is often used as a floating ambassador of Cypriot culture, and has visited many parts of the world.

Kyrenia II, a replica of the Kyrenia.


Kyrenia ship

East Indiaman

Roman structures