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stepping stones of maritime history


During World War Two, the East Frisian Wangerooge island had to cope with a true invasion of military (navy) and forced labourers. These were prisoners who worked for the Organisation Todt.

The navy personnel manned the air defence posts and coastal batteries and ,later in the war, the various radar installations. The forced labourers were deployed for building the military infrastructure.

On 25 April 1945, the East Frisian island of Wangerooge was bombed by 482 bombers of the Royal Air Force. This was the last major allied air attack on German territory during World War Two. On this sunny April day not only many military and civilians were killed, but a large number of the present forced labourers as well.

Avro Lancaster bombers over Wangerooge, 25 April 1945. (


People on board46
Tonnage273 ton (137 last)


Down on 9 December

New in MaSS

Wrecks of Flevoland

Burgzand Noord

13 Provinces