The Geldermalsen was shipwrecked on January 3, 1752, on the reef Geldria's Drought off an island in Indonesia, south of Singapore. The crew managed to get her off the reef, but she subsequently ran aground, at which point the main mast as well as the rudder broke. The ship was severely damaged and taking on water, but the crew managed once again to get her off the reef and keep her afloat. Two lifeboats were launched, and a few hours later the Geldermalsen capsized and sank, along with the cargo, remaining crew, and the captain.
One week later, the 32 surviving crew members reached Batavia in a lifeboat and a barge. Boatswain Christoffel van Dijk held the highest rank of the remaining crew, and was heavily questioned about the accident by the authorities in Batavia.
Her entire cargo, valued at f714,963, was lost in the wreck, plus the gold on board valued at f68,135. The ship's hull is recorded with a worth of f100,000. The total loss of the wreck of Geldermalsen was nearly f900,000.
The wreck site of the Geldermalsen was discovered in 1985 by commercial salvage diver M. Hatcher. Hatcher was strongly criticised by heritage advocates because removal of the ship's valuable cargo took precedence over a serious archaeological investigation of the site. The wreck was destroyed in the process, and the recovered cargo was sold at Christie's in Amsterdam for more than £10 million.
The Geldermalsen was a Dutch East Indiaman built by the VOC Zeeland chamber of in 1746, and made her maiden voyage in 1747. The ship was named by a VOC director in Zeeland, Jan Van Borselle, for a region with a family vacation estate. It was a custom at the time to name ships after estates.
- Armament: 24 iron cannons, two bronze cannons
The cargo consisted mainly of tea (686,997 pounds), but also more than 150,000 pieces of Chinese porcelain. The ceramics originated from the Jingdezhen region, which was often termed the ‘Porcelain Capital of China’ because of the area's high-quality porcelain productions.
The porcelain was sold at auction in 1986 after recovery from the wreck site. New York Times wrote of the sale: "An extraordinary sum and beyond the wildest expectations of Christie's and Max de Rham. A record for any similar sale in Holland, the 2nd highest from any Christie's auction to that time."
|People on board
|149.9 feet (45.7 m)
|42 feet (12.8 m)
|1150 ton (575 last)
- Nationaal archief.
- Lijst van alle zoodanige Schepen in soorten als bij de Generale Oostindische Compagnie zijn gemaekt oft gekocht als gehuurt alsmede waer oft de zelfde zijn agter gebleven ofte verongelukt als genoomen en verbrand, vermist of afgelegt.
- Jörg, C.J.A.
The Geldermalsen. History and porcelain.
- DAS Number: 7371.1.